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Do Wine Fridges Use A Lot of Electricity?

As a wine connoisseur, investing in a dedicated appliance for your bottles is the best thing to do. 

Wine fridges are a great way to store your favorite bottles of wine. They are designed to keep your wine at a constant level, so you don’t have to worry about them getting too warm or too cool.

Want to install a wine fridge? Read on to learn more about wine fridges. 

How Much Electricity Does A Wine Fridge Use?

Wine fridges use less energy and are about 10 to 20 degrees Celsius warmer than conventional fridges. However, the cost of running a wine refrigerator can be expensive, especially if you have a large collection. 

The amount of electricity required depends on the size and type of wine cooler you choose to buy. Smaller units use less energy than larger ones; however, remember that larger wine coolers also take longer to cool down.  

The average cost of running a wine refrigerator is around $0.01 per hour. Therefore, running your wine fridge for 24 hours per day will only cost 24 cents per week ($0.24 per week). However, if you have multiple zones in your fridge, this number could be higher or lower depending on how much space each zone takes up in your refrigerator’s interior space. 

Electricity consumption is one factor that affects the appliance’s size, style, and specifications. Let us take a look at the factors below.

– By Size Small / Medium / Large Wine Fridges

small wine fridge with wines

If you wish to install a small wine fridge with a decent capacity for storing less than 30 bottles, the thermoelectric fridge will be much better. 

A thermoelectric fridge with a storage capacity of 28-bottles will only draw 70 watts of power on average, whereas the compressor fridge of the same specs will draw 85 watts. 

On the other hand, a larger compressor unit with a capacity of 32 bottles will eat up 85 watts of energy. A thermoelectric unit will consume double the amount of electricity. Compared to a compressor wine cooler unit, the thermoelectric unit with a 32-bottle capacity will draw 140 watts.  Larger wine fridges are best suited for commercial use as well as long-term storage of bulk quantities

This is due to the difference in their cooling systems. For example, a compressor fridge can easily cool 28 to 32 bottles with the same compressor. But in the case of a thermoelectric fridge, it would need Peltier modules to chill the air inside the cabinet. 

– By Cooling System Compressor: Wine Coolers Vs. Thermoelectric Wine Coolers

Regarding wine fridges, there are two types of fridge types: compressor fridges and thermoelectric fridges. 

The thermoelectric unit uses a fan to bring the temperature inside the cabinet. In other words, it releases the hot air inside the cabinet and keeps the wine bottles cool. This unit needs to run continuously and is the best for people who wish to house 20 or fewer bottles of wine. 

The compressor unit is a traditional piece similar to the regular refrigerator. They are designed to store wine at a determined temperature and come with an integrated thermostat. 

The best part about this is these units do not need to operate continuously like the thermoelectric units. Instead, these units will be triggered whenever there is a rise in temperature inside the cabinet.  

– By Number Of Zones

The environment around you also plays an important role in power consumption. 

The thermoelectric units need to continue operating and are highly affected by the temperature around them. So, for example, the fridge will push the fan to work harder to get its desired temperature if you live in a hooter region. This, in turn, will affect higher power consumption. 

On the other hand, the compressor unit will continue to give you the same result no matter how hot the environment is. This is because you will get the same cooling effect with the same power consumption. Therefore, compressor fridges are the best choice if you live in a hotter area.  

How Much Does It Cost To Run a Wine Fridge

Best wine fridges

When it comes to the running cost of a wine fridge, it is comparatively lower than the traditional fridge. 

Normal or traditional fridges used for storing food items consume around 350 to 800 watts of electricity, whereas wine fridges only consume 100 watts on average. Regarding appliances, energy consumption is a major concern and often depends on how it operates. 

Also, fridges with thermoelectric technology use more electricity and energy than compressor fridges, as they run continuously. 

It’s also worth noting that if you have an older model machine with outdated technology, then it will use more energy than newer models which incorporate newer technologies into their design, such as UV-resistant glass and vibration reduction features for example which help reduce power costs

Characteristics of an Energy-Efficient Wine Refrigerator 

Choosing the right energy-efficient wine refrigerator can be difficult, but when you know the characteristics of an energy-efficient wine fridge, it gets really easy. 

Here are some of the main characteristics of an energy-efficient wine fridge:

  1. UV Resistant Glass: Look for units that come with UV-resistant glass. UV rays can cause the wine to age, and it is best to keep those rays away from your wine. 
  2. Temperature Zones: If you wish to house multiple wines like red, white, rose, etc., you would need a fridge with multiple temperature zones. This is because some wines need different temperatures to retain their taste and texture. 
  3. Vibration Reduction: Always look for fridges that can reduce the vibration. Vibration can affect the texture and tannins of the wine, altering the flavor and composition. 
  4. Temperature Control: If you wish to keep wine, maintaining the temperature is of utmost importance. Drastic temperature changes can cause the wine to age faster. 
  5. Humidity Control: If you plan on storing wine, always opt for the fridge that allows you to control humidity. Fridges with such capabilities prevent premature aging of wine, do not allow the cork to dry out, and maintain the composition and flavor. 

How to Keep the Cost Down of Wine Fridge

Wine refrigerators use a lot of electricity, but there are several ways to keep the cost down. And the cost depends on how you maintain it and whether it is kept in ideal conditions or not. 

To ensure that the wine fridge does not make take up half your electricity bills here is what you must do:

  • Install your wine fridge in a dark and cool place
  • Place your wine fridge a bit far from the walls
  • Only open your fridge when needed, do not leave it opened 
  • For the compressor fridge, you should keep a larger collection of wine
  • Do use thermoelectric fridges and install them in a cooler place
  • Try not to invest in multiple small wine fridges

Note: Wine fridges differ from regular fridges and are not always built for access. Using thermoelectric technology, you must reduce the fridge’s internal temperature as it consumes more electricity. 


So, do wine coolers draw a lot of power? Well, this depends on how it operates. 

In this article, we have mentioned the factors driving up energy-efficient wine refrigerator running costs. However, following the guidelines above can reduce the running cost and make it power efficient. As a result, it can hardly cost you around $5 to $10 a month.

Good luck!

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